Enabling Ultra-Deepwater Mooring with Aramid Fiber Rope Technology
OTC, May 2009
Authors: C. H. Chi and E. M. Lundhild, SPE, DuPont; T. Veselis, InterMoor Inc., and M. B. Huntley, Whitehill Manufacturing Corporation
New high-strength synthetic ropes constructed of para-bonded aromatic polyamide (aramid) fiber are being developed for ultra-deepwater mooring applications. This paper highlights new laboratory tensile/fatigue testing of rope assembly, computer modeling analysis of mooring performance under operating conditions, and the potential economic impact.
As the industry moves into ultra-deep water, traditional steel wire rope and chain moorings are being gradually displaced by polyester ropes. These synthetic ropes have been used in water depths between 3,000 feet and 8,000 feet. Questions arise, however, about whether polyester mooring ropes provide enough stiffness to maintain acceptable platform offsets in increasingly deeper water in all cases. Aramid fiber ropes are inherently stiffer and stronger than polyester ropes and therefore offer new solutions for ultra-deepwater mooring, as well as for other applications where production platform offsets may be critical.
Advanced technologies are being developed to optimize aramid fiber performance and rope design configurations. New laboratory tensile and fatigue data are presented to demonstrate aramid fiber rope properties, performance capabilities, and minimum tension settings meeting API RP 2SM guidelines. Mooring analysis comparing the performance of an aramid mooring system with that of a polyester mooring system under simulated hurricane and loop current conditions shows significant reductions in platform offsets are achieved with the aramid system without compromising safety.
This paper describes a new technology for ultra-deepwater mooring. The new approach offers the opportunity to design mooring systems for deeper water without modifying certain platform components and systems by incorporating stiffer, high-strength aramid fibers in the platform mooring system. Potential benefits include achieving optimal offsets for production risers in ultra-deep water, easier handling and installation due to smaller rope size, and greater flexibility in mooring system design. Economic analyses are presented to illustrate the advantages of the new technology as well as the financial impact.
Download the technical article submitted for OTC, May 2009.